India urges UN to adopt global treaty on terror, UNSC reforms

U.N : Sushma Swaraj, Minister of External Affairs for India, speaks during the 71st session of the United Nations General Assembly at U.N. headquarters, Monday, Sept. 26, 2016.AP/PTI(AP9_26_2016_000243B)

India urged world leaders gathered at the 71st General Assembly of the United Nations to urgently adopt a long-pending global treaty on terrorism as well as implement the UN Security Council reform, while stating that the world today needs a more contemporary approach to combating terrorism and a Council that is less outdated. The Permanent and non-Permanent membership of the UN Security Council must reflect contemporary realities is an urgent necessity, India told the world leaders on Monday, September 26th.

Sushma Swaraj, India’s External Affairs Minister, while addressing the World Body, said, “We will be judged by our action and equally by our inaction. What goals have we achieved and what objectives remain unfulfilled?,” she said. As a result, we are unable to develop a norm under which terrorists shall be prosecuted or extradited. Therefore it is my appeal that this General Assembly acts with fresh resolve and urgency to adopt this critical Convention,” she said.

Swaraj appealed to the Assembly to act on the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism that India proposed in 1996 but is still languishing. Because of this failure, “We are unable to develop a norm under which terrorists shall be prosecuted or extradited.”

On Security Council reform, Swaraj said just as the world needs a more contemporary approach to combating terrorism, there is also need for a Security Council that is less outdated and that continues to reflect the world order of an earlier era.  “The vast majority of nations share the belief that the UN should not remain frozen in 1945, just to serve the interests of a few. Whether it is institutions or issues, we must come to terms with present day realities and the challenges that confront us,” she said.

Swaraj added that an expansion in  “We must move forward substantively towards text-based negotiations. If both these long pending issues are addressed during your Presidency, the success of this Session will be ensured,” she said.

“The 21st century has begun in the shadow of turmoil, but we can turn this into a golden age in the history of civilization through united and concerted efforts. But what happens tomorrow will depend on what we do today,” she said.

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