Indian companies and high-skilled Indian American workers have been a major force that utilizes the much sought-after H-1B worker visa in the United States. The “discriminatory fee on processing the visa application has been a bone of contention between the US and the many companies that use the visa for its employees, who get to fill the vacuum in the US economy. Passed on August 10, the law contains provision to hike H-1B and L-1 Visa fee per application by USD 2,000 and USD 2,250 respectively for qualifying firm; which mainly targeted Indian IT companies.
In a breather for Indian IT firms, the “discriminatory” USD 2,000 H-1B fee mostly imposed on them has now lapsed in a Republican-majority U.S. Congress. The charges, often called outsourcing fee, had forced Indian IT companies in the last few years to pay millions of dollars towards protecting the U.S.-Mexican border from illegal immigration.
Indian firms had described the fee on highly-qualified IT professionals coming to the U.S. on a H-1B visa as “discriminatory.” The legislation with regard to a USD 2,000 fee on H-1B visas for companies having more than 50 per cent of its employees oversees was adopted by the US Congress in 2010 mainly at the instance of a group of lawmakers led by Senator Charles Schumer.
The duration of law was extended from four to five years under James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010 to provide healthcare and financial compensation for the firefighters and other ‘First Responders’ who helped out in the aftermath of the 9/11 attack.
In a report released last month, NASSCOM said Indian tech industry contributed an estimated over USD 375 million during this period to the U.S. Treasury including helping America secure its borders. In a recent interview, NASSCOM president R. Chandrashekhar described the fee as unjustified. “It had nothing to do with the IT industry. It was applied in an inequitable way, which specifically targeted Indian companies,” he said, adding that he would welcome any move to eliminate the fee.
The Congress can still come up with a legislation to reinstall the discriminatory H-1B fee, which lapsed yesterday night, Congressional sources said. However, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE-USA) in a statement criticised the U.S. Congress for the lapse of the H-1B fee.